1818 – Meehan and Throsby at Moorooaulin (Marulan) and Meehan at Bungonia, Windellama, Bundong (Lake Bathurst) and Mulwaree
Seeking to find a route to Jervis Bay across the Shoalhaven River, on 24 March, guided by Aboriginal men Bundell and Boughton, a party including explorers Charles Throsby, James Meehan and Hamilton Hume and Throsby’s servant Joseph Wild reached the vicinity of Marulan. Throsby described their arrival: entered a large plane of flat forest called by the Natives Tallawoo from whence we saw the deep ravines running to Shoals Haven . . . through a rather stony poor country over a small stream of water to a beautiful piece of fine forest called Moorooaulin – the country here changed in the most sudden manner from miserably barren to as picturesque and good forest as can be wished for, well watered and abounding in herbage mixed with grass (burnet, lucern, crowfoot, trefoil and chicory). Fine sheep pasture. They reached Caarne (South Marulan) the next day and decided to split their party to find a route across the deep ravines of the Shoalhaven. Throsby headed back the way they came, Meahan headed more southerly. The guides, Bundell and Boughton, and Wild stayed with Throsby; Hume stayed with Meehan. Both parties had two or three other men (servants and/or convicts)
On 26 March, Meehan’s party passed near Bungonia. He fruitlessly searched for a way to cross the Shoalhaven and on 1 April gave up and headed inland. On 2 April the party passed through the vicinity of Windellama. On 3 April they reached two large bushy marshes and then Bundong (Lake Bathurst) which Meehan described as a large lake exceeding ten miles . . . The quantity of ducks and other wild water fowls on the lake and marshes are beyond description or comprehension. . . It has a very picturesque appearance.
On 5 April, Meehan and party headed north then west reaching the Mulwaree River (Chain of Ponds) Met with some very large ponds with plenty of wild fowl. They continued along the Mulwaree through what became known as the properties Inveralochy, Springfield and Tirranna. Meehan found the country with its treeless plains very impressive: a very extensive plain to the northward and eastward without trees . . . the landscape is beautiful being surrounded by a chain of grassy forest hills. To a person in the habit of seeing nothing but forest or brush land such an extent of clear land must be very novel and delightful.
On 7 April, Meehan went to the top of a hill just west of Tirranna to look at the view where he saw that The ponds run down nearly N E about 4 or 5 miles bending to north with a good deal of thin forest and clear land on each side. Cannot see the country to the westward, the range being higher that way.
They left the Mulwaree and reached Gundary Creek (near the site of the airport) and diverted east, bypassing the site of Goulburn, skirted around Mt Towrang and headed back towards Marulan reaching there on 9 April, noting: There is a good deal of very excellent land and pasture in this place called by the natives Moorooanling [sic] and is very well watered.